Molecular Electronics-Fundamental Processes
Molecular electronics is the study and application of molecular building blocks for the fabrication of electronic components. It is an interdisciplinary area that spans physics,chemistry, and materials science. The unifying feature is use of molecular building blocks to fabricate electronic components. Due to the prospect of size reduction in electronics offered by molecular-level control of properties, molecular electronics has generated much excitement. It provides a potential means to extend Moore's Law beyond the foreseen limits of small-scale conventional silicon integrated circuits.The disciplinary area of molecular electronics is concerned with electronic phenomena that are controlled by the molecular organization of matter.The simplest mesoscopic circuit involving a molecular wire consists of a molecule coupled to two or more nanoelectrodes, or contacts, which in turn are connected to an external voltage source.